Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (Adopted by the International Dyslexia Board of Directors, November 12, 2002).
Paris ISD Dyslexia Program
Paris ISD implements the Take Flight Dyslexia Program: A Comprehensive Intervention for Students with Dyslexia. It is a curriculum written by the staff of the Luke Waites Center for Dyslexia and Learning Disorders at Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children. Take Flight was designed for use by Certified Academic Language Therapists for children with dyslexia ages 7 and older. The program is designed to be taught four or five days per week. It is intended for small group instruction with no more than six students per class.
Reading by Design is also a dyslexia program that is used as needed.
October is Dyslexia Awareness Month
Dyslexia tends to run in families and studies show that parents with
dyslexia have a 50% chance of having children with dyslexia. Some families have traced it
back several generations!
Dyslexic students do not see letters backwards or upside down.
Instead, this is a language processing problem.
"Dyslexia" means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity.
Dyslexia does not primarily affect boys. Dyslexia can affect organization and time management.
Many students with dyslexia also deal with other challenges like
ADHD, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, or dyspraxia. They need support in those areas, too.
Learning to read an analog clock is often very difficult for students with dyslexia. They often have trouble with directionality.
Students with dyslexia are not lazy, dumb or less intelligent than their peers.
Students with dyslexia are often gifted in other areas like sports, the arts, science or technology.
You have dyslexia for your whole life and it is just part of who you are
– like having blue eyes or being tall.
Dyslexia can affect all areas of a person’s life, not just school.
Some people with dyslexia struggle with directional signs, or find it difficult to memorize addresses and phone numbers.
Dyslexia cannot be cured by completing a program or taking medication.